Report It

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Kentucky

All Kentuckians are mandated reporters. If you believe a child is being abused or neglected, call the Child Protection Hotline.

1-877-KYSAFE1 or 1-877-597-2331

For contact information in other states, please visit our Report It page.

Additional Support:

Child help: National Abuse Hotline:
1-800-4-CHILD
or 1-800-422-4453

TEXT ALERTS!

 

 

Crying. Diaper changes. More crying. And rapid brain development. Very young children are the most vulnerable to physical abuse. They are also developing new skills and learning by the example of those around them, even before being able to verbalize their needs.

It is important to recognize the normal developmental stages for babies and to have appropriate expectations of what they are capable of. Every child develops differently.  

Check out the American Academy of Pediatrics for more information. For a checklist of developmental milestones by age, download the CDC’s Milestones Checklist.

FROM 0-3 MONTHS MOST BABIES WILL SHOW THESE SKILLS

PHYSICAL

  • Raises head & chest when on stomach
  • Stretches & kicks on back
  • Opens and shuts hands
  • Brings hand to mouth
  • Grasps and shakes toys

SOCIAL

  • Begins to smile at people
  • Enjoys playing with people
  • Coos, makes gurgling sounds
  • Expressive with face & body
  • Imitates some movements & expressions

COGNITIVE

  • Pays attention to faces
  • Follows moving objects
  • Recognizes familiar objects and people at a distance
  • Starts using hands and eyes in coordination

FROM 4-7 MONTHS MOST BABIES WILL SHOW THESE SKILLS

PHYSICAL

  • Sits with and ​without support of hands
  • Able to support their own weight on legs
  • Transfers object from hand to hand
  • Grasps toys and shakes them

SOCIAL

  • Begins to babble
  • Enjoys social play
  • Interested in mirror images
  • Responds to expressions of emotions
  • Smiles spontaneously, especially at people

COGNITIVE

  • Finds partially hidden object
  • Explores with hands and mouth
  • Begins to understand cause and effect
  • Responds to affection
  • Uses hands and eyes together, such as seeing a toy and reaching for it

FROM 8-12 MONTHS MOST BABIES WILL SHOW THESE SKILLS

PHYSICAL

  • Gets to sitting​ position​ without help
  • Assumes hands-and-knees ​position to crawl
  • Pulls self up to stand
  • Walks holding on to furniture

SOCIAL

  • Shy or anxious with strangers
  • Cries when parents leave
  • Enjoys imitating people in play
  • Prefers certain people and toys
  • Tests parental response

COGNITIVE

  • Begins to finger-feed themself
  • Finds hidden objects easily
  • Looks at correct picture when the image is named
  • Imitates gestures
  • Begins to use objects correctly

SAFE SLEEP

Remember the ABCs of Safe Sleep: Alone, Back, Crib, Danger. The safest way for your baby to sleep in alone and in a crib clear of blankets or toys, on their back, and in your care without impairment or other dangers. For more information visit safesleepky.com.

Babies do not have regular sleep cycles until about 6 months of age. While newborns sleep about 16 to 17 hours per day, they may only sleep 1 or 2 hours at a time. As babies get older, they need less sleep. However, different babies have different sleep needs. It is normal for a 6-month-old to wake up during the night but go back to sleep after a few minutes.

VIDEO: Learn more about safe sleep from Safe Sleep Kentucky

Sleep Safety Tips 

Check out a few simple tips to create a safer sleeping environment for your baby from
Safe Kids Worldwide.

Co-Sleeping, Room-Sharing, and Bed-Sharing

The practices of “bed-sharing” and “co-sleeping” are hot topics among parents and caregivers. To learn more about the differences of these practices and the pros and cons, visit KidsHealth.org.

CHILD CARE

Allowing others to watch your child is an important decision many parents face, and that could mean in a child care center or a trusted family member or friend’s home. Families’ access to high-quality, safe, and affordable child care helps ensure children are in a safe environment that encourages their healthy growth and learning.

Ensuring Safe Caregivers

Child care centers are required to do a criminal background check on their employees. Ask child care centers in your decision making process about their background check policies.

Since the passage of Senate Bill 236 in 2017, parents and caregivers have been the ability to request a background check of the child abuse and neglect registry when employing a nanny or babysitter for their child in their home. Find instructions on how to begin the request process for a Child Abuse and Neglect Registry Check, Criminal Background Check, and checking the Sex Offender Registry here.

Community Coordinated Child Care (4-C)

Community Coordinated Child Care (4-C) is the central point of contact for the child care community, working to prevent child abuse by  providing guidance and education for caregivers on appropriate expectations of children, disseminating information and resources to child care providers through Kentucky Shared Services, and advocating on behalf of children and families on a state and national level. Learn more about Face It partners, 4-C at www.4cforkids.org.

BREASTFEEDING

Breastfeeding provides much-needed nutrition for newborns and sets them up for healthy growth and development. Some nursing mothers face challenges when breastfeeding, which can be frustrating for both mom and baby. Talk to your pediatrician if you need help. The American Academy of Pediatrics also offer resources to help here.

CRYING & COLIC

Crying serves  as a way for your baby to call for help when they are hungry or uncomfortable. It helps them shut out sights, sounds, and other sensations that are too intense and helps release tension. 

When you’re trying to comfort a crying baby, it can be frustrating if they don’t calm down. Find information on calming a fussy baby from the American Academy of Pediatrics here.

If your baby does not stop crying and it intensifies and persists throughout the day or night, it may be caused by colic. Find information on identifying and relieving colic from the American Academy of Pediatrics here

POSTPARTUM

Parenting is hard, constant work. For some new moms (and dads), the experience of pregnancy and childbirth is followed by sadness, fear, anxiety, and difficulty making decisions. If you are a new mom and are experiencing signs of depression, know that you are not alone. Health care professionals—such as your doctor, your baby’s doctor, a nurse, or other health care provider—can screen for depression and can help set mothers up to heal.

Do I Have Postpartum Depression?

Find information on risk factors and types of depression during and after pregnancy from the American Academy of Pediatrics here.

Ways to Cope with Postpartum Depression

Though coping with postpartum depression can look different for each person, taking care of yourself must be at the top of the list. Making time to rest, developing a support network, and seeking mental health treatment are important to overcoming postpartum depression. Learn more via HealthLine here.

Overcoming Postpartum Depression

Read Elaine’s story of recognizing and overcoming her postpartum depression here.

ADDITIONAL RESOURCES

Text Message Alerts

Text “FacingIt” to 555888 for conversation starters, humorous parenting inspiration, fun ideas, and more from Face It to remind you that you are doing the best job you can at raising little humans!

Text “remind” to 511411 for reminders for upcoming appointments. Text4Baby helps new and expecting moms keep track of upcoming doctor’s appointments.

Smartphone Apps

There are a number of free and paid apps to help parents understand and track child development, journal daily needs, and get reminders for appointments. While Face It does not endorse any particular app, here are a few popular apps:  

CDC’s Milestone Tracker App

text4baby

Eat Sleep: Simple Baby Tracking

Parenting Primer Packet

Pennsylvania Family Support Alliance “Parent Primer” packet is full of tips for caregivers of young children. Download the packet in English and Spanish.

Both the CDC and the American Academy of Pediatrics have resources about children’s developmental stages and tips for helping caregivers through the big transitions that happen so quickly in children. 

Recognizing Signs & Symptoms of Abuse and Neglect

Physical Abuse

Look for any bruising on a baby who is not yet pulling up and taking steps; bruising to the ears, neck, torso, buttocks, or genitals of any child under four years; unexplained injuries on children of any age. 

Sexual Abuse

Look for an increase in nightmares and/or other sleeping difficulties, withdrawn behavior, angry outbursts, anxiety, and not wanting to be alone with a particular individual(s).

Fear of Telling

Children are afraid to tell about their abuse because they feel ashamed, don’t want the abuser to hurt them, don’t want to cause stress for their caregivers, or don’t want their abuser to go to jail.